When tech financier Ian Osborne invests in an organization, executives should conform to an uncommon clause: to not speak about it with out his permission.
Such techniques have helped Osborne and his agency Hedosophia largely fly below the radar regardless of his involvement in high-profile investments and takeover bids over the previous decade.
With early assist from funds linked to media baron Michael Bloomberg, Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-shing and the Burda household of Germany, the 38-year-old Osborne has quietly created a $1.5bn enterprise capital enterprise.
In accordance with individuals acquainted with the matter, firms from Spotify, TransferWise and Raisin in Europe to Alibaba, Ant Monetary and Airwallex in Asia have all obtained funding from Osborne.
One tech investor compares the urbane however reticent British investor to the well-connected PR fixer Matthew Freud: “He is aware of everybody.” One other, who carried out due diligence earlier than working with Osborne, mentioned: “He’s the form of man who will flip up behind you on a flight to Rio. He’s an actual man of thriller.”
As one of many architects of the growth for particular objective acquisition firms (Spacs) — which increase money in listed funds that then hunt for an organization to take public — Osborne has helped turbocharge tech valuations.
Even because the US market cools on the phenomenon and regulatory scrutiny grows, Osborne is hoping to popularise such clean cheque autos in Europe with plans to boost as a lot as €460m with a Spac itemizing in Amsterdam.
Michael Bloomberg turned a connecting thread by way of Ian Osborne’s profession © Joe Raedle/Getty
Described by contacts as “obsessively secretive”, Osborne fiercely protects his privateness and permits publicity to be drawn to high-profile companions resembling Chamath Palihapitiya, a enterprise capitalist.
Palihapitiya, a brash former Fb govt, with a big social media following and a love of constructing provocative feedback on TV, describes Osborne as “an excellent yin to my yang”.
The moonshot machine
It’s for the relaunch of Spacs in 2017 that Osborne is changing into greatest recognized — teaming up with Palihapitiya’s Social Capital to again the listings of firms resembling Virgin Galactic, Clover Well being and Opendoor.
Alongside the way in which, Osborne has amassed shares price as a lot as $300m, in accordance with an individual acquainted with the matter, boosted by the juicy “promote” share awards given to sponsors of the listings.
To pals and traders, he’s a canny dealmaker and consummate networker, connecting wealthy household places of work to founders needing funds to broaden.
Others fear he has been on the vanguard of a wave of speculative money, bestowing stratospheric valuations on unproven firms.
Virgin Galactic — which he helped take public in 2019 — opened the floodgates for moonshot firms with little by means of revenues to checklist by way of Spacs. Greater than 300 Spacs have raised $97bn this yr, in accordance with Refinitiv.
With the motion now shifting to Europe, it marks a homecoming for Osborne, who splits his time between homes in London and Hong Kong, the place he’s a resident.
Chamath Palihapitiya describes Ian Osborne as ‘an excellent yin to my yang’ © David Paul Morris/Bloomberg
From Bloomberg to Zuckerberg
Born and raised in Richmond, London, the son of a lawyer and a physician, Osborne studied at St Paul’s college, King’s Faculty and London Faculty for Economics, graduating in 2005 and going to work for as an adviser to Bloomberg, who turned a connecting thread by way of Osborne’s profession.
Kevin Sheekey, Bloomberg’s longstanding marketing campaign supervisor and communications chief, mentioned Osborne started working for the then New York mayor after co-hosting a dinner in London whose company included actress Claudia Schiffer and media scion James Murdoch.
By 2007, due to Osborne’s connections, Bloomberg was addressing the Conservative get together convention in Blackpool. “It sounds a simple factor to do however connecting individuals is a uncommon expertise,” mentioned Sheekey. “Dozens of individuals all over the world that Mike and I’ve good relationships with have been launched by Ian. International enterprise leaders by no means meet with no go-between. There isn’t any Yellow Pages for that.”
He describes a Zelig-like high quality to Osborne: “His nature is to not promote himself.”
As worldwide adviser to Bloomberg for the subsequent 4 years, Osborne continued to unleash his networking abilities, getting access to individuals who would grow to be his ticket to the world of tech finance.
“At first it was like, ‘what is that this British 20-something doing within the midst of US politics?’ It didn’t make a lot sense,” mentioned Daniel Ek, founding father of Spotify, who met Osborne on this interval.
Initially, Osborne provided “recommendation, connections with individuals”, in accordance with Ek. “However his Rolodex was off the charts for somebody so younger. The connection between politics and enterprise in the present day looks like an apparent match however on the time nobody was making the hyperlink.”
Osborne started to advise, and later spend money on, Palihapitiya’s Social Capital after assembly him with Mark Zuckerberg in 2008.
Palihapitiya described Osborne as “extraordinarily, exceptionally discreet and unbelievably reliable. He’s unbelievably linked. He’s our fashionable model of a homeless billionaire. Ian is consistently working, is consistently travelling, and he collects individuals.”
Ian Osborne teamed with Chamath Palihapitiya’s Social Capital to again the itemizing of Virgin Galactic © Virgin Galactic
In 2009, he arrange his personal consultancy, Osborne and Companions, that took on purchasers together with DST International, the enterprise capital agency run by Yuri Milner, the Israeli-Russian billionaire.
By 2010, he was serving to DST lead investments in Spotify and Alibaba — the place he had cast relationships with founders Ek and Jack Ma, respectively.
Via his time working with DST and afterwards, Osborne continued to run a PR and enterprise growth consultancy, advising the companies of US tech billionaires from Travis Kalanick and Evan Spiegel to Zuckerberg. He remained near Bloomberg, serving to on an try to purchase the Monetary Instances from Pearson in 2013.
That yr, he was firmly established on the tech scene as one of many organisers of the most popular get together in Davos — a “taxidermy” themed bash thrown with Napster co-founder Sean Parker and Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff.
He had additionally began to work informally for then UK prime minister David Cameron and chancellor George Osborne, to whom he stays shut, serving to open doorways within the US. Through the 2010 election marketing campaign, he helped put together Cameron for TV debates. Across the identical time, he organised a visit to the US for Boris Johnson, then mayor of London.
Osborne turned the “final co-host” — in accordance with one particular person acquainted with the interval — gathering individuals from politics, tech, finance and the humanities. It was at a dinner hosted by Osborne in 2014, attended by actor Ed Norton and Arianna Huffington, that an Uber govt landed in bother for suggesting that the corporate might dig up dust on a important journalist.
Taking ‘IPO 2.zero’ to Europe
Osborne arrange Hedosophia in 2012 — named after Greek gods of delight and knowledge — aiming to concentrate on earlier stage tech corporations.
Early backers included household places of work resembling Germany’s Burda and funds associated to Li, the Hong Kong tycoon, mentioned an individual near the group, who added that it now has a extra institutional investor base of college endowments, public pension funds and insurance coverage firms from the US, Japan, Canada and Sweden.
Daniel Ek, founding father of Spotify, recalled pondering Osborne’s ‘Rolodex was off the charts for somebody so younger’ © Drew Angerer/Getty
It was at a dinner in Hong Kong in early 2017 with Palihapitiya that he pitched the thought for a brand new form of Spac to provide tech founders a neater public itemizing with out the chance and regulatory baggage of a conventional IPO.
Regardless of being companions within the sponsor firm, the pair didn’t break up earnings equally, mentioned individuals with information of the state of affairs, with Palihapitiya taking nearly all of income but in addition placing in better capital. Palihapitiya additionally coined the brand new time period for the Spac — “IPO 2.zero” — which was draped over the New York Inventory Trade on the launch in 2017.
Since then, tons of of Spacs have adopted this technique, launched by former financial institution executives, athletes and politicians eager to benefit from the nearly risk-free upside of the Spac sponsor mannequin. However even these working round Osborne wonder if the market has now gone too far. “The bubble is unquestionably bursting now,” mentioned one.
The Osborne/Palihapitiya Spac franchise has been hit because the market has turned — with Clover’s shares falling greater than 50 per cent from their highs and shares in Virgin Galactic — which has but to make a business flight — down greater than 70 per cent from the height.
Osborne is decided to get his European Spac proper, in accordance with these near the plans, slicing the monetary rewards for the sponsor and bringing collectively a heavyweight board.
This month, he will even return to an early ardour within the theatre, producing one of many first musicals to open after the top of pandemic restrictions within the West Finish — Everyone’s Speaking About Jamie.
He might want to get used to being centre stage — in Europe not less than, he has no Palihapitiya to cover behind, and the scrutiny over Spacs within the US has began to boost questions for traders and sponsors alike over whether or not the market has gone too far, too quick.
Extra reporting by Tim Bradshaw and Arash Massoudi